Blue speaking bubble in front of dozens of other speaking bubbles

There’s No Substitute for Communication Skills

Engineers need strong technical skills to be successful. But many underestimate the importance of developing strong communication skills as well.
How to scope AI projects slide

Five Steps to Scoping AI Projects

One of the most important skills of an AI architect is the ability to identify ideas that are worth working on. Over the years, I’ve had fun applying machine learning to manufacturing, healthcare, climate change, agriculture, ecommerce, advertising, and other industries.
Process of diagnosing a medical patient slide

Choose the Right Point On the Automation Spectrum

AI-enabled automation is often portrayed as a binary on-or-off: A process is either automated or not. But in practice, automation is a spectrum, and AI teams have to choose where on this spectrum to operate.
A/B Test loop for building human insight

A Different Approach to A/B Testing

When a lot of data is available, machine learning is great at automating decisions. But when data is scarce, consider using the data to augment human insight, so people can make better decisions.
Speech bubble that says "It did well on the test set!"

High Test-Set Accuracy Is Not Enough

Over the last several decades, driven by a multitude of benchmarks, supervised learning algorithms have become really good at achieving high accuracy on test datasets. As valuable as this is, unfortunately maximizing average test set accuracy isn’t always enough.
The price of shares in video game retailer GameStop (NYSE: GME)

Trading on AI: The GameStop Phenomenon

The price of shares in video game retailer GameStop (NYSE: GME) gyrated wildly last week. Many people viewed the stock’s rapid ascent as a David-versus-Goliath story...
Slide that says "Proof of concept - production"

Don't Confuse Proof of Concept With Production Deployment

Last week, I talked about how best practices for machine learning projects are not one-size-fits-all, and how they vary depending on whether a project uses structured or unstructured data, and whether the dataset is small or big.
Table with information related to data and datasets

Structured and Unstructured Data: Implications for AI Development

Experience gained in building a model to solve one problem doesn’t always transfer to building models for other problems. How can you tell whether or not intuitions honed in one project are likely to generalize to another?
US Capitol during winter

How AI Can Strengthen Democracy

Last Wednesday, the U.S. Capitol building was overrun by insurrectionists at the moment when members of Congress were certifying the results of a national election.
Casino game

AI Concentrates Power and Wealth

In my letter last week, I alluded to the way AI tends to concentrate power and wealth. This tendency worries me, and I believe it deserves more attention. The U.S. government has been looking into these winner-take-most dynamics at a few leading technology companies...

Happy New Year! Three Aspirations for AI in 2021

Happy New Year! As we enter 2021, I want to share with you three wishes I have for AI in the upcoming year. I hope we can: Narrow the gap between proofs-of-concept and production.
Andrew Ng holding a cup, small christmas tree behind

The Power of Gratitude

Every year for the past decade, I flew to Singapore or Hong Kong to celebrate my mother’s birthday with her on December 22. This year, for the first time, we did it via Zoom.
Many research papers

Rules for Corporate AI Researchers

When a researcher works for a company, what rights should they have to publish their work, and what rights should the company that sponsored the work have? This issue has come up many times in the AI community across many companies...
Brass weight scales with cupped trays

Values for the AI Community, Part 3: Ethical AI

Like many people in the AI community, I am saddened by the sudden departure from Google of ethical AI researcher Timnit Gebru. Timnit is a tireless champion of diversity and fairness in AI.
Light bulb on

Advice for Start-Up Founders

The rise of AI creates opportunities for new startups that can move humanity forward. In the 1990s, the internet was embraced successfully by incumbent companies including Apple and Microsoft, but it also inspired hugely impactful...

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