Science

66 Posts

Learning the Language of Geometry: AlphaGeometry, a system that nears expert proficiency in proving complex geometry theorems
Science

Learning the Language of Geometry: AlphaGeometry, a system that nears expert proficiency in proving complex geometry theorems

Machine learning algorithms often struggle with geometry. A language model learned to prove relatively difficult theorems. 
Early Detection for Pancreatic Cancer: A neural network shows remarkable accuracy in forecasting risk of pancreatic cancer.
Science

Early Detection for Pancreatic Cancer: A neural network shows remarkable accuracy in forecasting risk of pancreatic cancer.

A neural network detected early signs of pancreatic cancer more effectively than doctors who used the usual risk-assessment criteria. Researchers at MIT and oncologists at Beth Israel Medical Center in Boston...
Deep Learning Discovers Antibiotics: Researchers used neural networks to find a new class of antibiotics.
Science

Deep Learning Discovers Antibiotics: Researchers used neural networks to find a new class of antibiotics.

Biologists used neural networks to find a new class of antibiotics. Researchers at MIT and Harvard trained models to screen chemical compounds for those that kill methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the deadliest among bacteria that have...
AI Against Climate Change: A roadmap explores how AI can detect and mitigate greenhouse gases.
Science

AI Against Climate Change: A roadmap explores how AI can detect and mitigate greenhouse gases.

How can AI help to fight climate change? A new report evaluates progress so far and explores options for the future. The Innovation for Cool Earth Forum, a conference of climate researchers hosted by Japan...
Sharper Vision for Cancer: An AI-powered microscope that helps pathologists detect cancer
Science

Sharper Vision for Cancer: An AI-powered microscope that helps pathologists detect cancer

A microscope enhanced with augmented reality is helping pathologists recognize cancerous tissue. The United States Department of Defense is using microscopes that use machine learning models based on research from Google to detect cancers.
Surgeons performing brain surgery
Science

Guiding the Scalpel: Researchers trained neural networks to assist brain surgeons' real-time tumor removal decisions.

A neural network helped brain surgeons decide how much healthy tissue to cut out when removing tumors — while the patients were on the operating table.
Rigorous Trial: AI matches humans in breast cancer diagnosis.
Science

Rigorous Trial: AI matches humans in breast cancer diagnosis.

A deep learning system detected breast cancer in mammograms as well as experienced radiologists, according to a landmark study.
Letting Chatbots See Your Data: Coding framework LlamaIndex enables data interaction with LLMs
Science

Letting Chatbots See Your Data: Coding framework LlamaIndex enables data interaction with LLMs

A new coding framework lets you pipe your own data into large language models. LlamaIndex streamlines the coding involved in enabling developers to summarize, reason over, and otherwise manipulate data from documents, databases, and apps using models like GPT-4.
Language Models in Lab Coats: The chatbot search engines for scientific research
Science

Language Models in Lab Coats: The chatbot search engines for scientific research

Specialized chatbots are providing answers to scientific questions. A new breed of search engines including Consensus, Elicit, and Scite use large language models to enable scientific researchers to find and summarize significant publications, Nature reported.
The Dark Side of the Moon — Lit Up! AI Illuminates Dark Regions of the Moon
Science

The Dark Side of the Moon — Lit Up! AI Illuminates Dark Regions of the Moon

Neural networks are making it possible to view parts of the Moon that are perpetually shrouded by darkness. Researchers devised a method called Hyper-effective Noise Removal U-net Software (HORUS) to remove noise from images of the Moon’s south pole.
Animated charts show how scientists misuse machine learning.
Science

Bad Machine Learning Makes Bad Science: Is Machine Learning Driving a Scientific Reproducibility Crisis?

A recent workshop highlighted the impact of poorly designed AI models in medicine, security, software engineering, and other disciplines.
Bees pollinating flowers
Science

Protection for Pollinators: AI Could Help Create Pesticides That Don’t Kill Bees

A machine learning method could help chemists formulate pesticides that target harmful insects but leave bees alone. Researchers at Oregon State University developed models that classify whether or not a chemical is fatally toxic to bees.
A series of graphs show the carbon emissions associated with training AI models.
Science

Cutting the Carbon Cost of Training: A New Tool Helps NLP Models Lower Their Gas Emissions

You can reduce your model’s carbon emissions by being choosy about when and where you train it.
Ingenuity (drone) on Mars
Science

More Autonomy for Martian Drone: NASA Upgrades Ingenuity Rover's Navigation Algorithm

The United States space agency is upgrading the system that pilots its helicopter on the Red Planet. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that Ingenuity, a drone sent to Mars as part of its 2020 mission to Mars, will receive a new collision-avoidance algorithm.
Smart Phone app called Dieta
Science

Deep Doo-Doo: AI App Diagnoses Poop Better Than People

People who suffer from gastrointestinal conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome are number two when it comes to describing the characteristics of their own poop.
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