Science

57 Posts

The Dark Side of the Moon — Lit Up! AI Illuminates Dark Regions of the Moon
Science

The Dark Side of the Moon — Lit Up! AI Illuminates Dark Regions of the Moon

Neural networks are making it possible to view parts of the Moon that are perpetually shrouded by darkness. Researchers devised a method called Hyper-effective Noise Removal U-net Software (HORUS) to remove noise from images of the Moon’s south pole.
Animated charts show how scientists misuse machine learning.
Science

Bad Machine Learning Makes Bad Science: Is Machine Learning Driving a Scientific Reproducibility Crisis?

A recent workshop highlighted the impact of poorly designed AI models in medicine, security, software engineering, and other disciplines.
Bees pollinating flowers
Science

Protection for Pollinators: AI Could Help Create Pesticides That Don’t Kill Bees

A machine learning method could help chemists formulate pesticides that target harmful insects but leave bees alone. Researchers at Oregon State University developed models that classify whether or not a chemical is fatally toxic to bees.
A series of graphs show the carbon emissions associated with training AI models.
Science

Cutting the Carbon Cost of Training: A New Tool Helps NLP Models Lower Their Gas Emissions

You can reduce your model’s carbon emissions by being choosy about when and where you train it.
Ingenuity (drone) on Mars
Science

More Autonomy for Martian Drone: NASA Upgrades Ingenuity Rover's Navigation Algorithm

The United States space agency is upgrading the system that pilots its helicopter on the Red Planet. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that Ingenuity, a drone sent to Mars as part of its 2020 mission to Mars, will receive a new collision-avoidance algorithm.
Smart Phone app called Dieta
Science

Deep Doo-Doo: AI App Diagnoses Poop Better Than People

People who suffer from gastrointestinal conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome are number two when it comes to describing the characteristics of their own poop.
Doctors in the OR during surgery
Science

Managing Medical Uncertainty

Hospitals across the United States are relying on AI to keep patients safe. Doctors are using a variety of machine learning systems to assess the risk that a given patient will suffer complications.
Data processing and machine learning
Science

Slime Pays

A new machine learning technique is boosting algae as a renewable, carbon-neural source of fuel for airplanes and other vehicles typically powered by fossil fuels.
Skeletal formula of the (S) enantiomer of VX
Science

AI Designs Chemical Weapons

It’s surprisingly easy to turn a well-intended machine learning model to the dark side. In an experiment, Fabio Urbina and colleagues at Collaborations Pharmaceuticals, who had built a drug-discovery model to design useful compounds and avoid toxic ones, retrained it to generate poisons.
Evolutionary Model of Variant Effect (EVE)
Science

Spot the Bad Mutation: NLP System Spots DNA Mutations Associated With Disease

Every gene in the human genome exists in a variety of mutations, and some encode protein variants that cause cells to malfunction, resulting in illness. Yet which mutations are associated with disease is largely unknown.
Graphs showing how app Face2Gene works
Science

The Many Faces of Genetic Illness

People with certain genetic disorders share common facial features. Doctors are using computer vision to identify such syndromes in children so they can get early treatment.
Representation of the components of our controller design architecture
Science

High-Energy Deep Learning

Nuclear fusion technology, long touted as an unlimited source of safe, clean energy, took a step toward reality with a machine learning algorithm that molds the fuel in a reactor’s core.
Animated charts show the results of a machine learning model that predicts the best depression drugs for a patient.
Science

Which Drug Helps Your Depression?: AI System Matches Patients With the Right Depression Drug

Deep learning can predict how patients will respond to two antidepressant medicines.
The Sun through a space telescope with a calibrated and uncalibrated focus.
Science

Solar System: AI Helps NASA Calibrate its Solar Telescopes

Astronomers may use deep learning to keep the sun in focus.What’s new: Researchers at the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Catholic University of America, University of Oslo, and elsewhere developed a model that helps recalibrate a space telescope focused on the sun.
Animated video showing a system to interpret electrical impulses from the brain as words
Science

Listening to the Brain: NLP System Translates a Man's Brain Activity Into Words

Neural networks translated a paralyzed man’s brainwaves into conversational phrases. Researchers trained a system to interpret electrical impulses from the brain of a man who had lost the ability to speak 15 years ago, and displayed them as words on a video screen.

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