Animation showing AlphaFold working
medicine

Biomedical Treasure Chest

DeepMind opened access to AlphaFold, a model that finds the shapes of proteins, and to its output so far — a potential cornucopia for biomedical research. The research lab, a division of Google’s parent company Alphabet, made AlphaFold freely available.
2 min read
Covid-19 over a graph
medicine

AI Against Covid: Progress Report

A new report assessed how AI has helped address Covid-19 and where it has fallen short.
1 min read
X-rays and charts about AI use in radiology
medicine

Radiologists Eye AI

AI lately has achieved dazzling success interpreting X-rays and other medical imagery in the lab. Now it’s catching on in the clinic. Roughly one-third of U.S. radiologists use AI in some form in their work.
2 min read
Protein structures
medicine

What AI Knows About Proteins

Transformer models trained on sequences of amino acids that form proteins have had success classifying and generating viable sequences. New research shows that they also capture information about protein structure.
2 min read
Timeline for biomedical AI projects
medicine

Boosting Biomedicine

The U.S. government aims to turbocharge biomedical AI research. The National Institutes of Health, which invests $41.7 billion annually in medical research, announced a program called Bridge to Artificial Intelligence (Bridge2AI) to promote machine learning in human biology and medicine.
1 min read
CogView home website
medicine

Large Language Models for Chinese

Researchers unveiled competition for the reigning large language model GPT-3. Four models collectively called Wu Dao were described by Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence, a research collective funded by the Chinese government, according to Synced Review.
2 min read
Data related to a diagnostic advice received from a machine learning model vs a human expert
medicine

Would Your Doctor Take AI’s Advice?

Some doctors don’t trust a second opinion when it comes from an AI system. A team at MIT and Regensburg University investigated how physicians responded to diagnostic advice they received from a machine learning model versus a human expert.
1 min read
Sequence showing a training step that uses different perspectives of the same patient to enhance unsupervised pretraining
medicine

Same Patient, Different Views

When you lack labeled training data, pretraining a model on unlabeled data can compensate. New research pretrained a model three times to boost performance on a medical imaging task.
2 min read
Data related to DeepCE, a system designed to predict how particular drugs will influence the amounts of RNA
medicine

Old Drugs for New Ailments

Many medical drugs work by modulating the body’s production of specific proteins. Recent research aimed to predict this activity, enabling researchers to identify drugs that might counteract the effects of Covid-19.
2 min read
Graphs and data related to ImageNet performance
medicine

ImageNet Performance: No Panacea

It’s commonly assumed that models pretrained to achieve high performance on ImageNet will perform better on other visual tasks after fine-tuning. But is it always true? A new study reached surprising conclusions.
2 min read
Graph showing system that examines X-ray images to predict which Covid-19 patients are at greatest risk of decline
medicine

Covid-19 Triage

The pandemic has pushed hospitals to their limits. A new machine learning system could help doctors make sure the most severe cases get timely, appropriate care.
2 min read
Series of images showing a variety of medical AI products
medicine

Medical AI’s Hidden Data

U.S. government approval of medical AI products is on the upswing — but information about how such systems were built is largely unavailable. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a a plethora of AI-driven medical systems.
2 min read
Series of images and graphs related to cancer detection
medicine

Shortcut to Cancer Treatment

Doctors who treat breast cancer typically use a quick, inexpensive tumor-tissue stain test to diagnose the illness and a slower, more costly one to determine treatment. A new neural network could help doctors to go straight from diagnosis to treatment.
2 min read
medicine

Pain Points in Black and White

A model designed to assess medical patients’ pain levels matched the patients’ own reports better than doctors’ estimates did — when the patients were Black.
1 min read
Data related to a language model that predicts mutations that would enable infectious viruses
medicine

The Language of Viruses

A neural network learned to read the genes of viruses as though they were text. That could enable researchers to page ahead for potentially dangerous mutations. Researchers at MIT trained a language model to predict mutations that would enable infectious viruses to become even more virulent.
2 min read

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