Diagram with automated decision systems
Classification

Roadblocks to Regulation

Most U.S. state agencies use AI without limits or oversight. An investigative report probed reasons why efforts to rein them in have made little headway. Since 2018, nearly every proposed bill aimed at studying or controlling how state agencies use automated decision systems.
2 min read
A living room made out of cups of coffee: the people, the seats, the chimney, the lamp, all gather around a cozy fire.
Classification

One Architecture to Do Them All: Transformer: The AI Architecture That Can Do It All

The transformer architecture extended its reach to a variety of new domains.What happened: Originally developed for natural language processing, transformers are becoming the Swiss Army Knife of deep learning.
2 min read
An illustration shows a cozy cabin where all the furniture is made out of coffee mugs.
Classification

Transformers Take Over: Transformers Applied to Vision, Language, Video, and More

In 2021, transformers were harnessed to discover drugs, recognize speech, and paint pictures — and much more.
2 min read
Multimodal AI Takes Off: Multimodal Models, such as CLIP and Dall-E, Are Taking Over AI
Classification

Multimodal AI Takes Off: Multimodal Models, such as CLIP and Dall-E, Are Taking Over AI

While models like GPT-3 and EfficientNet, which work on text and images respectively, are responsible for some of deep learning’s highest-profile successes, approaches that find relationships between text and images made impressive
1 min read
Computer vision from SewerAI identifies flaws in water pipes.
Classification

AI Goes Underground: Computer Vision From SewerAI Classifies Defective Pipes

A system from California startup SewerAI analyzes videos of underground pipes to prioritize those in need of repair.
1 min read
Animated image showing the transformer architecture of processing an image
Classification

Transformer Speed-Up Sped Up: How to Speed Up Image Transformers

The transformer architecture is notoriously inefficient when processing long sequences — a problem in processing images, which are essentially long sequences of pixels. One way around this is to break up input images and process the pieces
1 min read
Animation showing Hierarchical Outlier Detection (HOD)
Classification

Oddball Recognition: New Method Identifies Outliers in AI Training Data

Models trained using supervised learning struggle to classify inputs that differ substantially from most of their training data. A new method helps them recognize such outliers.
2 min read
Video showing diagnostic system VirtuSense Balance working
Classification

Risk Reduction for Elders: AI System Helps Elderly Stay on Their Feet

Deep learning is helping to protect elderly people from potentially catastrophic tumbles.What’s happening: More than 2,000 senior living facilities across the U.S. use a diagnostic system called VirtuSense Balance
1 min read
Video showing ShotSpotter in action
Classification

Shots in the Dark

A crime-fighting AI company altered evidence to please police, a new investigation claims — the latest in a rising chorus of criticism. ShotSpotter modified the system’s findings in some cases.
2 min read
Simpler multilayer neural network
Classification

Revenge of the Perceptrons

Why use a complex model when a simple one will do? New work shows that the simplest multilayer neural network, with a small twist, can perform some tasks as well as today’s most sophisticated architectures.
2 min read
Series of imagen showing how an insect-sorting robot works
Classification

Bugbot

An insect-sorting robot could help scientists grapple with the global biodiversity crisis. An automated insect classifier sucks in tiny arthropods, classifies them, and maps their most important identifying features.
2 min read
Few-shot Learning with a Universal Template (FLUTE)
Classification

Pattern for Efficient Learning

Getting high accuracy out of a classifier trained on a small number of examples is tricky. You might train the model on several large-scale datasets prior to few-shot training, but what if the few-shot dataset includes novel classes? A new method performs well even in that case.
2 min read
Computer vision is probing the history of ancient pottery
Classification

Sorting Shattered Traditions

Computer vision is probing the history of ancient pottery | What’s new: Researchers at Northern Arizona University developed a machine learning model that identifies different styles of Native American painting on ceramic fragments and sorts the shards by historical period.
1 min read
Two images showing the process of turning handwriting into text
Classification

The Writing, Not the Doodles

Systems designed to turn handwriting into text typically work best on pages with a consistent layout, such as a single column unbroken by drawings, diagrams, or extraneous symbols. A new system removes that requirement.
2 min read
X-rays and charts about AI use in radiology
Classification

Radiologists Eye AI

AI lately has achieved dazzling success interpreting X-rays and other medical imagery in the lab. Now it’s catching on in the clinic. Roughly one-third of U.S. radiologists use AI in some form in their work.
2 min read

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